Machu Picchu History - Cuzco, South America

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CUZCO MACHU PICCHU

Cuzco classic

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South Peru

Peru Express: Cuzco and Amazon  9 days

Peru Wildlife: lima  Puerto Maldonado, Cuzco, Paracas 10 days 

 

 

 

Machu Picchu ...

Machu Pucchu History

... one of the wonders of the world

Machu Picchu ("old mountain" in Quechua, the ancient language of the Incas) nestles on top of a mountain saddle high above the Urubamba River in the middle of the cloud forest. It was both a center of worship and astronomic observatory as well as the private retreat of the family of Inca ruler Pachacútec. It is split into two major areas: the agricultural zone, made up of terracing and food storehouses; and the urban zone, featuring the sacred sector, with temples, squares and royal tombs which have been carved to an extraordinary degree of perfection. The stone staircases and canals are found throughout this unique archaeological site. Over the citadel looms Huayna Picchu ("young mountain" in Quechua), which can be climbed up a steep stone-paved trail

The Machu Picchu historic sanctuary, and particularly the forests that line both banks of the Urubamba River, below the citadel of Machu Picchu itself, are home to the habitats of an enormous variety of bird species, calculated at more than 400, such as the cock-of-the-rocks (Rupicola Peruviana), considered Peru's national bird. The area also features brightly-colored orchids and tree-born ferns, considered treasures of the sanctuary.

Located in the department of Cuzco, covering an area of 32,592 hectares, the Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary protects unique species of flora and fauna, as well as featuring some breath-taking landscapes and preserving the archaeological sites to be found here. Much of the beauty and enchantment of Machu Picchu, Peru's premier tourist attraction, is due to its spectacular natural surroundings: the cloud forest region of this historic sanctuary.

Machu Picchu is home to some striking species, such as the cock-of-the-rocks (Peru's national bird) and the spectacled bear, the only bear species in South America. The area is also inhabited by the rare dwarf deer called sachacabra and the Huemal deer, plus more than 300 bird species. The area boasts a large variety of flora species, with some 200 species of orchids registered here to date.

Towering over the area is Mount Salkantay (6,271 meters), the highest mountain in the Cordillera Vilcanota range, worshipped by the locals as an apu mountain spirit. Machu Picchu combines a spectacular natural setting with the attraction of the world's most famous pre-Hispanic sites

 
The ancient Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is the star attraction of Cuzco. Discovered in 1911 by US explorer Hiram Bingham, the citadel is deemed one of the world's finest examples of landscape architecture.

Live the history, visit Machu Picchu.


cuzco-hotelsIf you are looking for a tour to Machu Picchu click below for details!

 

 

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PERUVIAN AMAZON:

TAMBOPATA NATIONAL PARK 4 DAYS/3 NIGHTS 

This trip is full of adventure, with possibilities to find wild animals and the most attractive landscapes: The amazing macaw clay lick "collpa" in the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park and the wonderful Sandoval lake in the Tambopata - Candamo Reserved Zone. This program includes walks, canoeing, river trips, birdwatching, wildlife observation,   through the heart of the reserved area of Tambopata Candamo and the Bahuaja Sonene National park.


PERU WILDLIFE:

THE AMAZON, CUZCO MACHU PICCHU AND PARACAS, 10 days

Macaw Clay Lick
Day 1: Lima

Day 2: Amazon river trip

Day 3: Macaw clay lick

Day 4: Sandoval Lake

Day 5:  Maldonado-butterfly house

 Day 6: Cuzco-city tour

Day 7: Cuzco- Sacred Valley

Day 8: Machu Picchu

Day 9: Paracas Natural Reserve

Day 10: Back to Lima

The trip to the Amazon  is full of adventure, with a genuine rainforest experience and possibilities to find wild animals in the most attractive landscapes: The amazing macaw clay lick "collpa" in the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park and the wonderful Sandoval lake in the Tambopata - Candamo Reserved Zone. This program includes short walks   through the heart of the reserved area of Tambopata Candamo and the Bahuaja Sonene National park.

In Cuzco our non-trekking "Soft Adventure" is designed to maximize excitement within limited vacation time. In Cusco, heart of the Inca Empire, we explore narrow lovely cobblestone streets, the impressive Sacsayhuaman fortress, the mysterious carved rock shrine of Kenko and the delightful Inca Baths at Tambomachay Later on, at the Sacred Valley of the Incas by the Urubamba river we visit the Native Market Pisac and the town and ceremonial site of Ollantaytambo, the only Inca village that has been continuously inhabited until our times....  Finally Machu Picchu  .

In Paracas you will visit the Ballestas Islands where hundreds of  sea Lions, seals, penguins, and many birds live.

 

Machu picchu History: Tours to cuzco and Machu Picchu - Inca trail to Macchu Picchu - History of machu picchu.